Solzhenitsyn, Dies at 89

From http://www.nobelpreis.org/english/Literat...

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Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, died late on Sunday at the age of 89 in Moscow.

Through his writings, he the horrors of Stalinist Gulag‘s to world attention, for those efforts, Solzhenitsyn was both awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1970 and exiled from the Soviet Union in 1974. He returned to Russia in 1994.

His most famous work was the The Gulag Archipelago, a three-volume work on the Soviet prison camp system. It was based upon Solzhenitsyn’s own experience as well as the testimony of 227 former prisoners and Solzhenitsyn’s own research into the history of the penal system. The appearance of the book in the West put the word gulag into the Western political vocabulary and guaranteed swift retribution from the Soviet authorities. Solzhenitsyn had already been declared a non-person in Soviet Russia before he wrote the Gulag Archipeligo and after writing it he was exiled until the fall of communism.

Interestingly all of Solzhenitsyn’s sons became U.S. citizens.

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