Word of the day

The word for today is…

depression (noun) – 1. (a) The act of depressing.
(b) The condition of being depressed.
2. An area that is sunk below its surroundings; a hollow.
3. The condition of feeling sad or despondent.
4. A mood disorder characterised by persistent sadness or inability to experience pleasure combined with other symptoms including poor concentration, indecisiveness, sleep problems, changes in appetite, and feelings of guilt, helplessness, and hopelessness. Also called clinical depression, major depressive disorder.
5. A lowering or reduction, as:
(a) A reduction in physiological vigor or activity.
(b)A lowering in amount, degree, or position.
6. (a) A period of drastic economic decline, characterised by decreasing aggregate output, falling prices, and rising unemployment.
(b) A period of widespread poverty and high unemployment.
(c) Depression See Great Depression.
7. Meteorology A region of low barometric pressure.
8. The angular distance below the horizontal plane through the point of observation.
9. (Astronomy) The angular distance of a celestial body below the horizon.

Source : The Free Dictionary

Etymology : Late 14th century as a term in astronomy, from Old French depression (14th century) or directly from Latin depressionem (nominative depressio), noun of action from past participle stem of deprimere “to press down, depress”.

Attested from 1650s in the literal sense; meaning “dejection, depression of spirits” is from early 15th century (as a clinical term in psychology, from 1905); meteorological sense is from 1881 (in reference to barometric pressure); meaning “a lowering or reduction in economic activity” was in use by 1826; given a specific application (with capital D-) by 1934 to the one that began worldwide in 1929. For “melancholy, depression” an Old English word was grevoushede.

A melancholy leading to desperation, and known to theologians under the name of ‘acedia,’ was not uncommon in monasteries, and most of the recorded instances of medieval suicides in Catholicism were by monks.