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Change In Percentage Of Indian Households with Toilets From 2014 to 2017

The map above shows the theoretical change in the percentage of Indian Households with their own toilets between 2014 and 2017.

On October 2, 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the?Swachh Bharat(Clean India) Mission, a massive campaign to clean up the country?s cities, towns and rural areas.

One of the key objectives of the Mission is to eliminate open defecation by launching an educational and promotional campaign, constructing household-owned and community-owned toilets and establishing a mechanism to monitor their use.

The aim is to achieve an open-defecation free India by October 2, 2019, the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi.

The Mission has two components: an urban program under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs and a rural program under the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. The urban component includes the construction of household, community and public toilets, upgrades to existing toilets, improvements to solid waste management and a public awareness campaign.

The core target of the rural program is the construction of?111.1 million toilets?at a projected cost of?US$30 billion. The Mission has a workforce of around?3 million, including government employees and school and college students from all parts of India.

The primary task of constructing toilets is done either by the individuals with funding help from the government or, in some cases (mostly for public toilets), by the government itself.

According to the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, as of the end of 2017, the urban component has seen the construction of over 4 million individual toilets and 234,000 community and public toilets and has declared 1,678 cities to be free of open defecation.

As for the rural program, the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation claims that by the end of 2017 around?59 million toilets?had been constructed since the start of the program. According to government data by November 2017 the country?s sanitation coverage had increased from?39% to 65%.

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