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M?ori People

Please don’t?shoot the messenger?- I realise there are many views and opinions re?Maori history, culture and origins. The below is just one opinion from The Grid. I love the map and have simply copied the contextual text from the same site.

The?M?ori?(M?ori pronunciation:?[?ma???i],?/?m????ri/)?are the?indigenous?Polynesian people?of New Zealand. The M?ori originated with settlers from eastern?Polynesia, who arrived in New Zealand in several waves of canoe voyages at some time between 1250 and 1300?CE.?Over several centuries in isolation, the Polynesian settlers developed a unique culture that became known as the ?M?ori?, with their own language, a rich mythology, distinctive crafts and performing arts. Early M?ori formed tribal groups, based on eastern Polynesian social customs and organisation. Horticulture flourished using plants they introduced, and later a prominent?warrior culture?emerged.

The arrival of Europeans to New Zealand starting from the 17th century brought enormous change to the M?ori way of life. M?ori people gradually adopted many aspects of Western society and culture. Initial relations between M?ori and Europeans were largely amicable, and with the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840 the two cultures coexisted as part of a new British colony. Rising tensions over disputed land sales led to conflict in the 1860s. Social upheaval, decades of conflict and epidemics of introduced disease took a devastating toll on the M?ori population, which went into a dramatic decline. But by the start of the 20th century the M?ori population had begun to recover, and efforts were made to increase their standing in wider New Zealand society. Traditional M?ori culture has enjoyed a revival, and a protest movement emerged in the 1960s advocating M?ori issues.

In the 2013 census, there were approximately 600,000 people in New Zealand identifying as M?ori, making up roughly 15% of the national population. They are the second-largest ethnic group in New Zealand, after European New Zealanders (?P?keh??). In addition, there are over 120,000 M?ori living in Australia. The M?ori language (known as?Te Reo M?ori) is spoken to some extent by about a fifth of all M?ori, representing 3% of the total population, although many New Zealanders regularly use M?ori words and expressions, such as ?kia ora?, while speaking English. M?ori are active in all spheres of New Zealand culture and society, with independent representation in areas such as media, politics and sport.